Nonwoven fabrics have a diverse range of applications and properties, making them one of the most versatile textile products. Nonwoven fabrics are manufactured using various nonwoven production processes that convert different fiber types into webs and fabrics. These production machines are key to nonwoven fabric manufacturing. Let’s review an overview of the nonwoven production machines and processes that enable the creation of nonwoven fabrics.
Key 4 Steps In Manufacturing Non woven Fabrics
There are several key steps and machines involved in manufacturing nonwoven fabrics:
- Fiber processing: Fiberizers and cutters break down fibers into staple form for use as raw material. Cards and garnetts parallelize and align the fibers.
- Web formation: Various processes form the nonwoven web. A card webber uses parallelized fibers in a layered web. An airlay machine deposits fibers using circulating air. Spunbond and meltblown machines produce continuous filaments to form the web.
- Web bonding: Nonwoven machines like needlepunchers, thermal and chemical binder units consolidate the web using mechanical, heat, or chemical means for strength.
- Finishing: Calenders and other nonwoven machines apply finishing treatments to enhance properties such as permeability, absorbency, and appearance.
The Main Types Of Non woven Fabric Machines
There are four main types of machines used in the production of nonwoven fabrics:
- Fiber Preparation Equipment
Equipment like fiberizers, cutters, cards and garnetts prepare fibers to become the raw material for nonwoven fabrics. They break down fibers into staple form and align and parallelize the fibers.
- Web Formation Machines
These machines form the nonwoven web. A card webber uses parallelized fibers to form a layered web. Airlay machines deposit fibers using circulating air. Spunbond and meltblown machines produce continuous filaments to create the web.
- Web Bonding Machines
Needlepunchers, thermal and chemical binder units consolidate the nonwoven web using mechanical, heat or chemical means, adding strength to the fabric.
- Finishing Machines
Calenders and other finishing machines apply treatments to the nonwoven web to enhance properties like permeability, absorbency and appearance.